Every research about the roots of the absence of wealth in Latin America always ends on one conclusion, the lack of a proper house. Making a deep study of the obstacles on the slums we can find that they begin are in the same casualty, the lack of wealth or the capacity to make it. However, How is this lack? and how all the slums problems begin with it? If we analyze the typical house in the Latin-American slums we can find the absence of the father for very different reasons, moms with difficulty to have enough food for their family, the lack of infrastructure, parents and young people without technical knowledge that permit them to reach better opportunities of work; in many cases the fractured base model of society, the family.
In each case is the same problem, the lack of wealth. Thinking from an architect's perspective, absence of a good quality environment where grow up and develop their life. Bad infrastructure, no proper public services, spaces where meet and improve relationships. The politicians create incentive programs with the "goodwill" to foster people and improve their lives, but mostly those programs don't have the physical infrastructure needed to effectively complete the aim. Also, sometimes those programs make mandatory movements of people from their homes to "better places" forgetting the importance of free will and identity. Move people from one place to another without an integral plan will only end on the movement of the problem to a new place. A new question appears, How architecture can help in the lack of wealth and in consequence regenerate the society?
Making a research of different study and approaches to this same problem, in most of the cases where the people get a new home continue in poverty., Why is this? Exist many different points of view on this problem, I choose to focus only on two of them, What are the needs of the moderns family to get out of poverty, and start to gain wealth? Access to new spaces of knowledge, skills enhances better public infrastructure and access to better job markets. How can architecture work on this purpose with a rich focus than the housing issue?
From these thoughts surge this architectural proposal, a multidisciplinary space that brings the opportunity to inhabitants of the slums to acquire and improve their skills in order to raise their wealth and in consequence change their selves and their environment.
Only available in Spanish Version